Bharat in Space

  1. Which agency is responsible for space programs in India?
  2. What is the full form of ISRO?
    Indian Space Research Organisation
  3. Who is the founding father of space programmes in India?  
    Dr Vikram A Sarabhai
  4. When was ISRO formed?
    ISRO was formed on August 15, 1969.
  5. When was Department of Space constituted? 
    1972. ISRO was brought under DOS on June 1, 1972.
  6. Where the Space Programme began in India?
    Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) Thiruvanathapuram.
  7. When was the first rocket launched in India? Which was the rocket?
    November 21, 1963, Nike-Apache
  8. Where the Satellites are made by ISRO?  
    U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) (previously  Known as ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore)
  9. Which was India’s first indigenous rocket?
    RH-75, launched on November 20, 1967.
  10. From where are the rockets launched?
    Launch Vehicles from SDSC SHAR and. Sounding rockets are launched from TERLS, Thiruvananthapuram.
  11. How many major Centres are there in ISRO?  
    Six (Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram; ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC – SHAR) at Sriharikota; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) at Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Mahendragiri, Space Application Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad and National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad)
  12. Which was the first successful launch vehicle of India?
    Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3), July 18, 1980
  13. Which is the first Indian satellite? 
    Aryabhatta, on April 19, 1975 from former Soviet Union
  14. Which is the first operational launch vehicle of India?    
  15. Which is the First Indian Communication Satellite?
     Ariane Passenger Pay Load Experiment, APPLE (June 19, 1981)
  16. Which was the first operational flight of PSLV? 
     PSLV-C1 (29 September 1997)
  17. Which was ISRO’s first commercial launch (foreign satellite as the main payload)?
    PSLV-C8 (23 April 2007) With two foreign Satellites 
  18. Which flight of PSLV successfully carried and deployed a record 104 satellites? PSLV-C37 (15 February 2017)
  19. When, and from where, Chandrayaan-1 was launched?
    22 October 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre using PSLV C11
  20. Who was the Project Director of Chandrayaan-1?
      Dr M Annadurai
  21. How long Chandrayaan-1 was operational?
    312 days (on 28 August 2009 communication with the spacecraft was suddenly lost)
  22. When, and from where, Chandrayaan-2 was launched?
      On 22 July 2019 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre
  23. Which launch vehicle took Chandrayaan-2 to space? 
    GSLV Mark III M1
  24. Who was the Mission Director of Chandrayaan-2? 
    Ritu Karidhal
  25. Who was the Project Director of Chandrayaan-2?
     Muthayya Vanitha
  26. Which module of Chandrayaan-2 is deployed successfully? 
     Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter
  27. What is mission life of Chandrayaan-2 orbiter? 
     Approximately 7.5 years
  28. What is full form of MOM?
    Mars Orbiter Mission
  29. When was Mars Orbiter (Mangalyaan) launched?
    5 November 2013
  30. Which rocket was used to launch Mangalyaan?
    PSLV-XL C-25
  31. Since when is Mangalyaan orbiting around Mars?
    24 September 2014
  32. What was planned life of MOM?
    Six Months (But it is still operational)
  33. What is full form of GAGAN?
    GPS aided geo-augmented navigation system (GAGAN)
  34. The IRNSS constellation was named as “NavIC” by Prime Minister, Mr. Modi what is full form of NavIC?
    (Navigation with Indian Constellation)
  35. What is Antrix?
     Antrix is the commercial arm of ISRO
  36. When was ISRO’s new commercial arm New Space India Limited (NSlL) launched?
    May 23, 2019
  37. What is Gaganyaan?
    Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft that is intended to send 3 astronauts to space for a minimum of seven days by 2022
  38. Which rocket is using indigenously built cryogenic engine?
  39.  Which was the ISRO’s first re-entry mission?
    (Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE – 1) 10 January 2007
  40. What is full form of ISRO’s CARE Mission?   
    Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment

Spacecrafts Launched in Earlier Years

SNNameLaunch DateLaunch VehicleApplication 
1GSAT-30January 17, 2020Ariane-5 VA-251Communication
2RISAT-2BR1December 11, 2019PSLV-C48/RISAT-2BR1Disaster Management System, Earth Observation
3Cartosat-3November 27, 2019PSLV-C47 / Cartosat-3 MissionEarth Observation
4Chandrayaan2July 22, 2019GSLV-Mk III – M1 / Chandrayaan-2 MissionPlanetary Observation
5RISAT-2BMay 22, 2019PSLV-C46 MissionDisaster Management System, Earth Observation
6EMISATApril 1, 2019PSLV-C45/EMISAT MISSIONelectromagnetic spectrum measurement
7GSAT-31February 6, 2019Ariane-5 VA-247Communication
8Microsat-RJanuary 24, 2019PSLV-C44Imaging satellite