First in Bharat

  1. First Governor General of Independent India :
    Lord Mountbatten
  2. First Bharatiya Governor General of Independent India :
    C. Rajgopalachari (June 1948 to 25 January, 1950)
  3. First President of Bharat :
    Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  4. First Vice President Bharat :
    Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
  5. First Speaker of Lok Sabha :
    G.V. Mavalankar (1952-56)
  6. First Prime Minister and Foreign Minister :
    Jawahar Lal Nehru
  7. First Deputy Prime Minister, Home Minister :
    Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  8. First Law Minister :
    Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
  9. First Education Minister :
    Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  10. First Defence Minister :
    Sardar Baldev Singh
  11. First Finance Minister :
    R. K. Shanmukham Chetty
  12. First Woman Central Minister :
    Rajkumari Amrit Kaur (Health)
  13. First Agriculture and Food Minister :
    Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  14. First Minister for Industry :
    Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
  15. First Communication Minister :
    Rafi Ahmed Kidwai
  16. First Labour Minister :
    Babu Jagjivan Ram
  17. First Railway and Transport Minister :
    John Mathai
  18. First Commerce and Trade Minister :
    Cooverji Hormusji Bhabha
  19. First Minister for Energy :
    N.V. Gadgil
  20. First Chief Justice of Supreme Court :
    Hiralal J. Kaniya (1950-51)
  21. First Chief Election Officer :
    Sukumar Sen (1950-58)
  22. First Woman Chief election commissioner of India :
    Smt. V.S. Rama Devi (26 Nov., 1990 to 11 Dec., 1990)
  23. First Prime Minister to resign :
    Morarjii Desai (1979)
  24. First President to die in harness :
    Dr. Zakir Hussain (1969)
  25. First Prime Minister who died  in a foreign country :
    Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966 in Tashkand)
  26. First Bharatiya I.C.S (Indian Civil Services). Officer :
    Satyendra Nath Tagore (June, 1863.)
  27. First Bharatiya member in Viceroy’s Executive Council also first Indian to become a member of the British Ministry:
    Satyendra Prasanna Sinha 
  28. First Bharatiya man to swim across English Channel :
    Mihir Sen (1966)
  29. First Bharatiya woman to swim across English Channel :
    Aarti Saha
  30. First Bharatiya of Nepali origin to scale Everest :
    Tenzing Norgay (1953)
  31. First Bharatiya man to climb Mount Everest without oxygen :
    Phu Dorjee, (1984)
  32. First Bharatiya woman to climb Everest :
    Bachhendri Pal (1984)
  33. First Bharatiya woman Prime Minister :
    I
    ndira Gandhi
  34. City where first Asian Games were played :
    New Delhi(1951)
  35. First Bharatiya to receive Nobel Prize :
    Ravindra Nath Tagore(1913)
  36. First Bhartiya Scientist to receive Nobel Prize :
    Dr. C.V. Raman (1930)
  37. First President of Indian National Congress :
    W.C. Bannerjee (1885)
  38. First Ten-yearly Census started in the year :
    1881
  39. First lady Chief Minister in Bharat :
    Sucheta Kriplani (U.P.)
  40. First lady Governor in Bharat :
    Sarojini Naidu (U.P. 1947)
  41. The first woman President of UN General Assembly :
    Vijay Laxmi Pandit
  42. First Lady President of Indian National Congress :
    Annie Besant (1917)
  43. First Bharatiya Commander in Chief of Indian Army :
    Gen. K.M. Kariappa
  44. First  woman speaker in any Bharatiya State :
    Shanno Devi (Haryana legislative assembly,1966.)
  45. First Bharatiya cosmonaut :
    Rakesh Sharma (1984)
  46. First Bharatiya woman Cosmomaut :
    Kalpana Chawla
  47. First Bharat Ratna Award recipient :
    Dr. S Radhakrishanan, C.Rajagopalachari and Dr. C. V. Raman
  48. First recipient of Bharat Ratna Award posthumously :
    Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966)
  49. First lady recipient of Bharat Ratna :
    Indira Gandhi (1971)
  50. First recipient of Bharat Ratna of foreign roots :
    Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (1987)
  51. First foreign lady recipient of Bharat Ratna who had taken Bharatiya citizenship :
    Mother Teresa (1980)
  52. First Bharatiya to get Magsaysay award :
    Vinoba Bhave(1958)
  53. First Bharatiya woman Ambassador :
    Vijay Laxmi Pandit (U.S.S.R. 1947-49)
  54. First woman Judge of Supreme Court of Bharat :
    Meera Sahiba Fatima Beebi (1989)
  55. First lady to unfurl Indian flag in foreign land :
    Madam Bhikaji Cama
  56. First woman to appear on a postal stamp in free Bharat :
    Meera Bai (1.10.1952)
  57. First Athelete recipient of Padmashree :
    Balbir Singh Senior (1957)
  58. First lady recipient of Padmashree :
    Film Star Nargis
  59. First Bharatiya recipient of Param Vir Chakra :
    Major Som Nath Sharma
  60. Father of Nuclear Science in Modern Bharat :
    Dr.Homi Jehangir Bhabha
  61. First Indian lady IAS Officer (PostInependence) :
    Anna Ranjan Malhotra
  62. Who was the first woman Indian Administrative Services officer in Pre-Indepence Bharat? 
    Isha Basant Joshi (She hold the office after independence)
  63. First lady IPS Officer :
    Kiran Bedi
  64. First Bharatiya President of International Court of Justice :
    Nagendra Singh (1985)
  65. Leader of first Bharatiya team to reach Antartica :
    Dr. Syed Zahoor Qasim
  66.  First doctor to perform in-vitro fertilisation (Test Tube Baby) in India.
    Dr. Subhas Mukhopadhyay
  67. First Bharatiya test tube baby :
    Durga (Kanu Priya Aggawal – Oct 1978) Harsha chawda is the Second (1986)
  68. First Officer of Air Fforce to get Param Vir Chakra :
    Flying Office Nirmaljeet Singh Sekjhon (1971)
  69. First Bharatiya Chess Grandmaster :
    Vishwanathan Anand (1987)
  70. First Asian snooker champion :
    Yasin Merchant (1989)
  71. First non-Congress Prime Minister :
    Morarji Desai
  72. First Vice President to die in harness :
    Krishna Kant
  73. First Prime Minister to die in harness :
    Jawahar Lal Nehru
  74. First atomic station established in Bharat :
    Tarapore
  75. First bank established in Bharat :
    Bank of Hindustan (Near Mumbai)
  76. First Indigenous Bank established in Bharat :
    Punjab National Bank
  77. Which is the oldest Botanical Garden in Bharat :
    Farhat Baksh Botanical Garden, Saharanpur (U.P.)
  78. First college established in India by British :
    Fort Williams College, Kolkata
  79. First Women College established in Bharat by British :
    Bethune College, Kolkata
  80. First medical College established in Bharat by British :
    Medical College of Bengal (Now Kolkata Medical College, 28 Jan, 1835)
  81. First Engineering College established in Bharat by British :
    Thomson College (Now IIT Roorkee)
  82. First Dam in Bharat :
    Kalnai Dam on Kaveri River
  83. First Dynasty of Bharat :
    Brihaedrath dynasty, 648 B.C
  84. First General Election held in free Bharat :
    1
    952
  85. First use of indeligible ink in General Elections :
    During third Lok Sabha election in 1962
  86. First use of electronic machines in election :
    Kerala Bye elections in 1982
  87. First Narrative film of Bharat :
    Raja Harishchandra, Produced by Dada Saheb Phalke in 1913
  88. First Talkie film of Bharat :
    Alam Ara directed by Ardeshir Irani in 1931
  89. First Golden Jubilee film of Bharat :
    Sant Tukaram in Marathi
  90. First film produced in Sanskrit :
    Sankaracharya
  91. First Hollywood film dubbed in Hindi :
    Jurassic Park
  92. First male child star of Bharatiya film :
    Balchandra S/o Dada Saheb Phalke
  93. First female child star of Bharatiya film :
    Mandakini D/o Dada Saheb Phalke
  94. Existing Oldest Fort of Bharat :
    Kalinger (M.P.)
  95. First hospital in Bharat :
    Saint George Hospital, Chennai
  96. First Eye Hospital in Bharat :
    Chennai Eye Hospital.
  97. First women hospital in Bharat :
    Muslim Maternity and Zenana Hospital, Hyderabad (A.P.)
  98. First Library in Bharat :
    William Carry Library at Serampur, 1800
  99. First Milk Powder Plant in Bharat :
    Kheda District Cooperative Milk Producers Union, Anand, Gujarat 
  100. When was National Anthem sung for the first time :
    On Dec. 27, 1911 in Session of All India National Congress, Kolkata
  101. The First Time Hoisting of National flag :
    On Aug 7, 1906 by Surendra Nath Banerji at Green Park, Kolkata
  102. First Newspaper of Bharat :
    Bengal Gazette or Calcutta General Advertiser, from Kolkata in 1780
  103. First Vernacular Newspaper :
    Samachar Darpan from Serumpur on 31 May, 1818 in Bengal
  104. First daily Newspaper : Mumbai Samachar (Launched by Furdonji Murzoban on July 1, 1822)
  105. Oldest English newspaper which is being published even today :
    The Times of India, started in 1838 from Mumbai
  106. The oldest Observatory in Bharat :
    Jantar Mantar Delhi built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1724
  107. Oldest Political Party in Bharat :
    I
    ndian National Congress
  108. First GPO of Bharat :
    St. George Square, Chennai
  109. First state of Bharat to issue a stamp :
    Kathiyawar, Saurshtra (Now Gujarat)
  110. First stamp in free Bharat carrying a National leader :
    Mahatma Gandhi, 15th Aug., 1948
  111. First Air Mail in Bharat :
    Allahabad to Naini, Feb. 18, 1911
  112. First Railway Company of Bharat :
    East India Railway Company and Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company.
  113. First Railway Journey in Bharat :
    Mumbai to Thane (34 km) 16 April, 1853 (According to a research of IIT Roorkee, a train, from Roorkee to Kaliyar has been moved on 22 December, 1851 for the Department of Ganga Canal)
  114. First Railway Terminus of Bharat :
    Bori Bander (V.T.) Mumbai
  115. First City with Metro Railway :
    Kolkata
  116. First Electric train :
    Between Mumbai and Kurla in 1925
  117. First Solar Powered Station :
    Yeda Kumeri (on Hasan-Mangal Section)
  118. First Oil refinery of Bharat :
    Digboi, Assam
  119. First Satyagrah by Gandhiji in Bharat :
    at Champaran, Bihar in 1917
  120. First School established in Bharat by British :
    St. Mary’s Church Charitable School, Chennai
  121. First school for girls established in Bharat by British :
    Baptist Mission School, Gauribari, Kolkata
  122. First Public School for Girls :
    Maharani Gayatri Devi Public School, Jaipur
  123. First Lady Mayor of Delhi :
    Mrs. Aruna Asaf Ali
  124. First Bharatiya Captain of Cricket team after independence :
    Lala Amarnath
  125. First Indian (born in India) to climb Mount Everest. :
    Avtar Singh Cheema(1965)
  126. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress :
    Annie Besant
  127. The first Indian woman to be appointed as the Chief Information Commissioner :
    Deepak Sandhu
  128. The first woman advocate of India
    Cornelia Sorabjee
  129. The first woman judge of India and also the first woman judge of High Court :
    Justice Anna Chandy
  130. The first woman Chief Justice of a state High Court :
    Justice Leila Seth
  131. The first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal :
    Karnam Malleswari
  132. The first Indian woman to win an Asiad medal :
    Kamaljit Sandhu
  133. The first Indian woman to ski to the South Pole :
    Reena Kaushal DharmaShaktu
  134. The first Indian woman to receive a Gallantry Award in the Indian Army (Sena Medal for her acts of bravery in Afghanistan)
    Major Mitali Madhumita
  135. The first Indian woman to receive Ashok Chakra :
    Neerja Bhanot
  136. The first Indian woman to join the Territorial Army as a jawan :
    Shanti Tigga
  137. The first Indian woman to win the Miss Asia-Pacific title :
    Zeenat Aman
  138. The first Indian woman to win the Miss Universe title :
    Sushmita Sen
  139. The first Indian woman to win the Miss World title :
    Reita Faria
  140. The first Indian woman to win the Miss Earth title :
    Nicol Faria
  141. The first Indian woman to be appointed as the Minister of External Affairs of India
    Sushma Swaraj. (Note: Mrs. Indira Gandhi held the additional charge as Minister of External Affairs while being the Prime Minister of India.)
  142. The first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha
    Mrs Meira Kumar
  143. First Newspaper :
     Hicky Calcutta Gazette (29 Jan 1781)
  144. First issue of Postal Stamp :
    1825 (in Sind)
  145. First Telegraph line :
    1851 (Calcutta & Diamond Harbour)
  146. Railways started in Bharat :
    16 April 1853
  147. Broadcasting started in India :
    1927
  148. First Chief Justice of India :
    Harilal J Kania
  149. First Lokpal :
    Pinaki Chandra GhoseHaryana legislative assembly
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