1. Oldest Universities
(i) Takshshila- 5th Century BC,
in 5th Century AD. Associated with large number of
celebrities including Chanakya Chander Gupta Maurya and
(ii) Nalanda- 5th Century AD
General Bakhtiar Khilji of Qutubuddin Ebak in 1037 AD.
Founded by King Kumar Gupta in Magadh (Bihar).
(iii) Vikram Shila- 8th Century AD
by a monk Kampal under the patronage of King Dharampal.
(iv) Odantapuri- 7th Century AD
King Gopal at Magadh 6 miles away from Nalanda.
(v) Senpura- 9th Century AD.
Founded by King Devpal at Senpura, now in Bangladesh.
(vi) Jagahala- 12th Centruy AD
King Ram Pal in West Bengal.
(vii) Vallabhi- 5th Century
Founded by Maitraka Kings in Gujrat. All these universities were fully
developed where not only Indians from different parts of the
country but also from foreign countries used to come for
2. Earliest universities established in
(i) Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities started in