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26. Scientists of India




1. Sushruta - Born in sixth century B. C. He learnt surgery and medicine at the feat of Divodas Dhanvantary. He was the first  physician to advocate Caesarean operations. He was expert in removing urinary stones, locating and treating fractures , eye operations for cataract etc. His suggestion to give wine to patients about to be operated upon, makes him also the father of anaesthesia. In his treatise known as Sushruta Samhita he has described 101 instruments, many of which are similar to those used at present.

2. Charak - Born in 2nd century A. D. Wrote the book Charak Samhita, a master piece in the field of Ayurvedic Medicines. He was the first physician to present the concept of digestion, metabolism and immunity. According to him a body functions because it contains there doshas or humours viz. Bile, phelgum and wind. Illness is caused when the balance of the three doshas is disturbed. He knew fundamentals of genetics and also studied anatomy of the body.

3. Kanad - Born in 600 AD, was the first to enunciate the atomic theory. According to him everything was made up of Parmanus, which is the ultimate particle of the material but does not exist in free state. It is eternal and indestructible. Two or more parmanus, of similar nature or different nature, may combine to produce new materials. He also gave an idea of chemical change and effect of heat on parmanus or combined paramanus.

4. Patanjali - Born in second century B. C. He was the person who explained vividly the fundamentals of yoga in his Yog Sutras. According to him there are channels called ' Nadis' and centres called 'Chakras' in human body and if these are tapped properly, one can acquire super-natural powers. His proclamations are  now verified by several scientists throughout the world.



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